This course begins with a worldwide overview and concludes with a glimpse into future issues. Biofuels Fundamentals explores principles of life science related to the production of biofuels from diverse sugar, starch and cellulose feedstocks such as bioethanol, biodiesel, biogas, hydrogen, and algae. The course examines cellular and molecular processes pertaining to carbon fixation via photosynthesis, and how chemically captured solar energy is converted into both renewable and petroleum resources. Microbial metabolic pathways in fermentation are also presented. Fundamental principles and practical applications of the biomass energy production processes, materials and logistics are also discussed.